Adilabad is a city in Adilabad district of the Indian state of Telangana. It is a municipality and the headquarters of Adilabad district.
Adilabad was ruled by many dynasties like the Mauryas, Satavahanas, Chalukyas, Qutub Shahis & Asaf Jahis. Adilabad derives its name from the erstwhile ruler of Bijapur, Yusuf Adil Shah. It is the northernmost district of Nizam state (Asaf Jahi dynasty) founded by Nizam-ul-Mulk in the Deccan region. The current culture of the district incorporates significant elements. However a multicultural society exists here with Telugu, Marathi, Bengali, Malayali, Rajasthani and Gujarati people living in harmony. The original name of the Adilabad was Edlabad during the rule of Qutub Shahis.Edla is a Gond word for people in woods. Its name was changed to "Adilabad" by erstwhile Islamic ruler of Bijapur, Mohammed Adil Shah. Though most of the population of Adilabad was still of Gond, Urdu and Marathi origin before 1956, the region became a part of the Telugu linguistic state. Since 1956, Telugu gained prominence and replaced Gondi, Kannada, Marathi and Urdu entirely.
As of 2011 India census, Adilabad had a population of 117,167. Males constitute 59,448, females are 57,719 and 12,993 of the population are under the age group of 0–6 years. It has an average literacy rate of 43.45% with 45,259 literates. The urban agglomeration population of the city stands at 139383.It includes the population figures of its constituent census town, Dasnapur as 22,216. Religions in Adilabad Religion Percent Hindu 59.37% Muslim 35.59% Buddhist 2.60% Others† 2.44% †Includes Sikhs, Jains
Telugu and Urdu are the official languages of Adilabad.